This period saw many advancements in literature, art, and science.
Buddhism, which had reached Korea by way of China, was practiced by virtually all of Silla society.
By the mid-eighth century the Silla people began using woodblock printing to reproduce sutras and Confucian writings. Within 36 years the Koguryo kingdom took control and its leader, General Wang Kon, established the Koryo dynasty. During Koryo's 400-year reign, artistic, scientific, and literary achievements advanced further.
At the end of World War II in 1945, the United States and the Soviet Union divided the peninsula along the 38th Parallel into two zones of occupation—a Soviet controlled region in the north and an American controlled one in the south.Together they are racially and linguistically homogeneous.They are the ethnic descendants of a Tungusic branch of the Ural-Altaic family.In 1948, North Korea (the Democratic People's Republic of Korea) and South Korea (the Republic of Korea) were officially established.North Korea is run by a Communist government, with Pyongyang as its capital city.