In defiance of custom, which would have made Queen Anne the sole Regent of France, the king decreed that a regency council would rule on his son's behalf.
His lack of faith in Queen Anne's political abilities was his primary rationale.
Contemporaries and eyewitnesses claimed that the Queen would spend all her time with Louis.
Both were greatly interested in food and theatre, and it is highly likely that Louis developed these interests through his close relationship with his mother.
At the time of his birth, his parents had been married for 23 years.
He taught his diplomats that their job was to create tactical and strategic advantages for the French military.
Anne kept the direction of religious policy strongly in her hand until 1661; her most important political decisions were to nominate Cardinal Mazarin as her chief minister and her continuation of her late husband's and Cardinal Richelieu's policy, despite their persecution of her, for the sake of her son.
Anne wanted to give her son an absolute authority and a victorious kingdom.
Séguier was the person who had interrogated Anne in 1637, treating her like a "common criminal" as she described her treatment following the discovery that she was giving military secrets and information to Spain.
Anne was virtually under house arrest for a number of years during her husband's rule, and was physically searched and almost insulted by the chancellor according to certain sources.