The Vikings’ violent ways quickly create resistance from the local Algonquin people, and their colonization is not permanent.In Iceland, the Vikings are unable to easily plunder neighboring lands and quickly become a peaceful people, engaging in trade.This is the beginning of the High Middle Ages and height of the Medieval Warm Period.Northern and central Europe, especially the Germanic lands, engage in great age of deforestation, making way for civilization, clearing about a third of the forest in a couple of centuries, and up to 75% deforestation by the end of the medieval era. Christian conquest of Toledo, which introduces European scholars to the ancient Greek writings via Islam.This essay was partially intended as an antidote to nationalism, and I believe that it gets the point across, and continuing to chart the decline of the American Empire holds little interest for me, as I am after bigger game and only have so many hours in a day and years in a life.
I am an accountant by profession, not a historian, political scientist, economist, or scientist, and this essay should to be read with that in mind.
By the time of Jesus, Etruscan culture was almost completely absorbed into Roman culture.
Greek resistance to Roman rule leads to the complete destruction of Corinth and the sale of its inhabitants into slavery. The Roman Republic begins expanding across Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East. Eventually, hundred of thousands of Rome’s citizens received free food for political reasons.
Iron weapons rapidly replace bronze and become common throughout Europe, the Fertile Crescent, Egypt, and elsewhere.
The feminine-friendly Minoan civilization on Crete collapses, as does Mycenaean civilization not long afterward.